Hounsfield, Sir Godfrey Newbold

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 28 August 1919 Newark, Nottinghamshire, England
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English scientist, inventor and developer of computer-assisted tomography (CAT) scanning technique of radiographic examination.
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After an education in Newark and London in radiocommunications and radar, Hounsfield volunteered and served in the RAF during 1939–45. He was a lecturer at Cranwell Radar School from c.1942 to 1945. From 1947 to 1951 he undertook further study in electrical and mechanical engineering, and in 1951 he joined Electrical and Musical Instruments (EMI) Ltd, where he led the design team for the first British all-transistor computer (EMIDEC, 1959). In 1969–72 he invented and developed the EMI computerized transverse axial tomography scanner system of X-ray examination; this, while applicable to other areas of the body, particularly permitted the elimination of difficulties presented since the earliest days of X-ray examination in the examination of the cranial contents.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
Knighted 1981. CBE 1976. FRS 1975. Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology (jointly with A.M.Cormack) 1979.
Bibliography
1973, "Computerized transverse axial scanning (Tomography)", British Journal of Radiology, American Journal of Roentgenology.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hounsfield, Sir Godfrey Newbold — ▪ 2005       British electrical engineer (b. Aug. 28, 1919, Newark, Nottinghamshire, Eng. d. Aug. 12, 2004, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, Eng.), invented the CT (computed tomography) scanner, also known as the CAT (computerized axial tomography)… …   Universalium

  • Hounsfield , Sir Godfrey Newbold — (1919–) British engineer Hounsfield was born at Newark in Nottinghamshire and educated in that county before going on to the City and Guilds College, London, and the Faraday House College of Electrical Engineering in London. Having spent the… …   Scientists

  • Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield — Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield CBE (* 28. August 1919 in Newark in Nottinghamshire; † 12. August 2004 in Kingston upon Thames) war englischer Elektrotechniker und gilt als einer der Väter der Computertomografie. Biografie Aufgewachsen in einem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield — Prototipo del escaner CT Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield (28 de agosto de [[1919]; Newark, Gran Bretaña – 12 de agosto de 2004) fue un ingeniero inglés electrónico. Sirvió en la RAF durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Al finalizar la guerra se… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Godfrey N. Hounsfield — Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield CBE (* 28. August 1919 in Newark in Nottinghamshire; † 12. August 2004 in Kingston upon Thames) war englischer Elektrotechniker und gilt als einer der Väter der Computertomografie. Biografie Aufgewachsen in einem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Godfrey Hounsfield — Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield CBE (* 28. August 1919 in Newark in Nottinghamshire; † 12. August 2004 in Kingston upon Thames) war englischer Elektrotechniker und Nobelpreisträger für Medizin. Er gilt als einer der Väter der Computertomografie.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Godfrey Hounsfield — Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield est un ingénieur britannique né le 28 août 1919 à Nottinghamshire et mort le 12 août 2004. Il est connu pour avoir conçu officiellement le scanner médical, ou scanographe selon la terminologie officielle, en 1972,… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Hounsfield unit — the numerical unit assigned electronically to each pixel in a computerized tomography (CT) image, according to its X ray density. The fixed points on the scale are arbitrarily assigned as 1000 for air and 0 for water. The CT image is viewed in a… …   Medical dictionary

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